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Critical Thinking 7 Defending Against Deception

Critical Thinking 7 Defending Against Deception

To defend yourself against the bombardment of propaganda, con games, political hype, and sales pitches, you should demand good reasons before you act and before you change your beliefs. This is easier said than done. One problem is to get a reason, any reason. A second problem is to determine whether an offered reason is any good. In this chapter, we examined deceptive techniques that rely on lying, exaggerat­ing, and selectively withholding...

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