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Critical Thinking 10 Deductive Reasoning

Critical Thinking 10 Deductive Reasoning

In exploring the concept of implication, which is at the heart of nearly all reasoning, we divided it into two types: implying with certainty and implying with probability. These two types can be defined in terms of the notions of inconsistency and improbability, respectively. Arguments are evaluated by three standards: as being deductively valid, deductively sound, and inductively strong. The strength of an inductive argument is a matter of...

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