Learning Exercise

The Role of Gilded Age Authors

William Dean Howells and Mark Twain were two of the Gilded Age authors of the greatest importance. Howells was related to President Hayes by marriage and Twain kept an active correspondence with Hayes. This assignment is designed to evaluate the role of authors in shaping the Gilded Age.
Course: United States History

The Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center offers an extensive variety of materials associated with the 19th President... see more


Instructions: Click "go to material." Click "Research and Collections." Click " Hayes Historic Journal." Read the following articles: "Masters of American Realism" by William E. Grant, Spring 1987, Volume 6, # 3; "The Novelist as a Social Force in the 1880s" by Alma Payne, Spring 1980, Volume 3, # 1, 2; "William Dean Howells an other Early Biographers of Rutherford B. Hayes" by Alma Payne, Fall 1978, Volume II, # 2. Write a 5-7 page paper evaluating the role of Gilded Age authors on shaping how the history of the period is interpreted.

Technical Notes





United States History; Rutherford B. Hayes; Gilded Age; Mark Twain; William Dean Howells.

Learning Objectives

To evaluate the role of the literary figures in shaping the era known as the Gilded Age.


5-7 page paper.